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  • Made from mare's milk

  • Country of origin: Mongolia and Turkey

  • Type: soft, artisan

  • Texture: creamy

  • Rind: rindless

  • Flavour: sour

  • Vegetarian: no

  • Synonyms: Kumis

  • Alternative spellings: Ayrag

Airag, also called Kumis or Ayrag is a fermented dairy product made from raw mare's milk. It is the traditional drink for many people of Central Asia, particularly of Huno-Bulgar, Turkic and Mongol origin. The milk can be mildly alcoholic, but it needs to be consumed in enormous quantities to have any noticeable effect.

The milk is fermented by a combination of lactic acid bacteria and yeast in a horse-hide container, called a "saba". Since, the milk is fermented; Airag is suitable for lactose intolerant people. The taste of the milk is sour, but can be quite yummy. Airag is used to make cheese, yoghurt.

Other cheeses from Mongolia: Byaslag